• Southern/ Highlands
  • Ruaha/ Katavi
  • Tarangire/ Ecosystem
  • Zanzibar/ Forests
  • Greater/ Pemba Channel


CURRENT WORK OPPORTUNITY: Small Scale Fisheries Value Chain - TBCA consultant

Reporting to Regional Marine Program Director

Project Background

WCS is currently leading a project on the proposed Trans-Boundary Conservation Area (TBCA) between southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. The project addresses these challenges by supporting improved intergovernmental coordination, small scale fisheries management, and MPA management. 

For small-scale artisanal fisheries, fishing and fish trading are primary livelihoods and there are few options and sometimes low interest in livelihood diversification. Seeking ways to simultaneously reduce fishing pressure while maintaining community livelihoods is a challenge. We are seeking to explore the history of and options for fisheries value chain additions in six focal communities (3 in each nation) on either side of the Kenya-Tanzania border. We are seeking a consultant to lead this work. 

Essential and Strategic Functions 

Listed below is a proposed workplan. The consultant may submit a revised workplan as long as expected deliverables are achieved.  

Phase 1 – Desk Review Assemble existing value chain data and information 

o Identify past and current value addition initiatives from both peer-reviewed and grey literature for Kenya and Tanzania marine systems 

o Interview 4-6 NGOs to learn about value chains implemented and success/challenges in Kenya/Tanzania marine systems including any legal and financial constraints 

o Analyze results and outcomes of aforementioned initiatives to identify potential value chain solutions and any barriers that need to be addressed 

o Assemble WCS data relevant to value chains in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania and any other available data sets (e.g. from government fisheries departments) 

o Identify and collate existing landings and value chain data into spreadsheet including but not limited to catch composition by species, volumes, prices, seasonality, etc. 

Expected Deliverables: 1) Shared folder of peer reviewed or grey literature for Kenya and Tanzania; 2) Spreadsheets detailing past and current value addition initiatives and their outcomes; and 3) Spreadsheet summaries of available value chain data. 

Phase 2 – Field Assessments - map and identify economic agents (production, distribution, marketing, sales) in value chains for TBCA reef & pelagic fish 

o Undertake value chain assessment in six focal communities through some combination of the following techniques: 

  - Focus groups 

  - Interviews of core stakeholders 

  - Participatory rural assessments 

  - Collation of existing data 

o For any data missing from desktop review - Collect and verify landings data for reef as well as small-pelagic fisheries (e.g. catch composition, volumes, prices, seasonality, etc). Verify data accuracy. 

o Document volumes and prices of reef fish complexes and one small pelagic as they move to final buyers, identifying all transactions and characterizing inputs, roles and outputs. 

  - Assess economic agents and their characteristics: profit and cost structures, flows of goods throughout the chain, employment characteristics and the destination and volumes of priority species 

Expected Deliverables: 1) Spreadsheet with landings data (volumes by species or species group, over time), value chain data (postharvest) and data sources including any data limitations and inconsistencies. 2) Diagram of fish flow from fishers to final market for small pelagics and reef fish, 3) Spreadsheet with how many economic agents including distribution, marketing, and sales (and names/contacts of key people) in the 6 focal communities for reef fish and small pelagics. 

Phase 3 – Synthesis and Co-development: describe opportunities to add value and upgrade TBCA small-scale fishery value chains 

o Synthesize research findings to understand risks, opportunities and constraints to be factored into solution design and value chain development 

o Identify the major risks that need to be mitigated or managed and seek to recommend the enabling conditions for the interventions to be successful, based on findings 

o Identify ways to ensure that proposed interventions contribute to improved management and safeguard existing sustainability 

o As possible given the COVID-19 pandemic, co-develop solution(s) through formal co-design process with stakeholders in the 6 focal communities such as fishers, groups of buyers, etc., (stakeholders to be proposed by consultant and confirmed by WCS ) 

Expected Deliverables: 1) Draft report detailing risks, opportunities and constraints; 2) draft report detailing co-designed solutions including socioeconomic and environmental safeguards. Each report should balance ecosystem health (including fish stocks), social impacts and economic outcomes, to ensure interventions to promote improved financial value are not at the expense of the ecosystem or communities. 

Phase 4 – Validate Findings 

o Present findings (remotely) from synthesis and co-development in Phase 3 to stakeholders to review and validate findings before wider distribution. 

Expected Deliverables: 1) Stakeholder presentation, agenda, and participant list; and 2) Report detailing feedback received. 

Phase 5 – Finalize Deliverables 

o White paper and presentation on best value chain interventions for TBCA communities and coastal ecosystems, including risks, opportunities and constraints 

Expected Deliverable: 1) White paper and 2) Presentation 

Work station 

Desktop work can be done from any location. For field-based work, given the COVID-19 situation, the consultant can choose to do the work themselves under the consultancy budget or to work with local contracts (developed by the consultant and covered by the consultancy budget) in each nation. 


The work will take place over a period of three months and involve approximately 25-30 working days. 

The consulting fees agreed will includes time and all other associated costs (e.g. travel, printing, internet, web communications, phone). 

We are accepting bids for this work. Please submit: 

- Cover letter outlining relevant experience and expressing reason for interest in the position 

- CV including clear reference to relevant experience in related projects (if firm, please submit details of firm projects, deliverables, and accomplishments in lieu of CV). 

- Quotation for consulting fees and services to achieve the deliverables outlined 

The successful consultant should demonstrate experience in fisheries value chain analysis, with particular emphasis on marine artisanal fisheries. Experience in East Africa or the Western Indian Ocean is desirable. 

Timeline; Jan-March 2022

Send materials to Dr. Jennifer O’Leary (joleary@wcs.org), WCS Western Indian Ocean Marine Program Coordinator. Deadline for receipt of applications is November 15th. 



Reporting to WCS Tanzania Marine Program Director


Project Background
The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and partners are tackling the issue of deteriorating marine environments in the Western Indian Ocean by supporting the expansion and effective management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). The Western Indian Ocean is a socially and biologically diverse region that contains extensive coral reefs and mangroves, which are critical sources of protein, coastal protection, and income to coastal populations. Yet, the integrity of the region’s ecosystems is threatened by the overexploitation of fisheries, habitat clearing, and pollution. These threats are exacerbated by the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise, coral bleaching, and storm events.
WCS is currently leading a project on the proposed Trans-Boundary Conservation Area (TBCA) between southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. The project addresses these challenges by supporting improved management of a network of climate resilient, sustainable, and effectively managed MPAs in the Western Indian Ocean.
In this context, WCS is seeking a motivated, dynamic, and technically skilled candidate to lead the Blue Carbon component of the project. The project will cover the main aspects of the implementation of a Blue Carbon trading project: community work, mangroves and seagrass assessments and development of management plans. The project will thus contribute to maintaining the critical ecosystems in the region, helping safeguard sustainable livelihoods for coastal communities.
The project will develop over 3 years with funding secured for the first one with possibility of renewal. The candidate will part of a growing and dynamic team tackling some of the most important conservation challenges in the region.




Qualifications and Experience
The candidate must have a minimum of
- Master’s degree from a marine related subject
- 3 years of relevant experience, including in mangrove and seagrass assessments 
- Familiarity with work with communities and MPAs
- Good written and spoken English
Ideal candidate will have experience in GIS and spatial analysis (QGIS or ArcGIS) and coding in R/Python. 
Essential and Strategic Functions
The post-holder will oversee and actively implement the Blue Carbon project with the support of WCS’s country and regional team. Specific duties will include the following;
− Serving as the point person for coordination of Blue Carbon project with stakeholders 
− Draft and contribute to development of management plans and locally managed mangrove and seagrass areas in collaboration with Government, communities, and non-governmental organisations.
− Supporting and leading consultations with communities in the process of developing successful mangrove and seagrass management plans.
− Coordination, conducting and supervision of data collection in the field.
− Supervision of WCS interns and consultants working on the project.
− Data entry and analysis as required.
− Developing Terms of Reference and work-plans for consultants involved in the project.
− Report writing for WCS, donors, and partners.
− Representing WCS in a fit and appropriate manner.
Working location
The successful candidate will be based in Tanga, Tanzania with field trips in the region and possibly visits to the Marine Program office in Zanzibar and regional office in Mombasa, Kenya. 

Position runs from date of recruitment to September 2022 with possibility of renewal for 2 more years. Remuneration will be commensurate with experience.
How to apply

Qualified candidates should send their Cover letters & CV including 3 referees addressed to WCS Tanzania, County Director at wcshrtanzania@wcs.org not later than October 10th, 2021.



Abdalla joined WCS in 2018 and is now the principal researcher undertaking shark and ray data collection, as well as training and collating data from the project’s network of research assistants. He also participates in marine education efforts in schools and community forums. Prior to joining WCS, Abdallah worked at the Department of Agricultural Extension and Farmer Training and before that at UWAMWIMA helping organize farmer groups and provide horticultural training. He holds a Certificate and Diploma in General Agriculture from Zanzibar’s Kizimbani Agricultural Training Institute.

Neema joined WCS’s country program office in 2019 as a volunteer assistant to the finance director. She was then taken on as the marine finance and logistics officer in 2020. She holds a Foundation Level certificate of accountancy from the National Board of Accountants and Auditors (NBAA) and Diploma in Business Administration from St. John’s University of Tanzania. Prior to joining WCS, she worked for two years as accounts assistant for LULU SACCOS LTD.


Mzee Fakih joined WCS in 2018. He collects shark and ray data at Mkokotoni Landing site in Unguja which he submits weekly to Abdallah the marine research assistant.